Primates of Africa

Taxonomy and Conservation Status
January 2009

Family Galagidae

Galagoides cocos Kenya coast galago LC
Galagoides demidovii Demidoff’s dwarf galago LC
Galagoides granti Mozambique galago LC
Galagoides nyasae Malawi galago DD
Galagoides orinus Mountain dwarf galago NT
Galagoides rondoensis Rondo dwarf galago CR B1ab(ii,iii)
Galagoides thomasi Thomas' dwarf galago LC
Galagoides z. udzungwensis
Galagoides z. zanzibaricus
Udzungwa galago
Zanzibar galago
LC
EN B1ab(ii,iii)
Galagoides sp. nov. Mt. Rungwe galago NE
Galago gallarum Somali Lesser galago LC
Galago matschiei Spectacled lesser galago LC
Galago moholi bradfieldi
Galago moholi moholi
Namibia lesser galago
Moholi lesser galago
NE
LC
Galago senegalensis braccatus
Galago senegalensis dunni
Galago senegalensis senegalensis
Galago senegalensis sotikae
Kenya lesser galago
Ethiopia lesser galago
Senegal lesser galago
Sotik lesser galago
LC
LC
LC
LC
Euoticus elegantulus Southern needle-clawed galago LC
Euoticus pallidus pallidus
Euoticus pallidus talboti
Bioko needle-clawed galago
Nigeria needle-clawed galago
EN B1ab(iii)
LC
Sciurocheirus alleni alleni
Sciurocheirus alleni cameronensis
Bioko Allen’s galago
Cross River Allen’s galago
EN B1ab(iii)
LC
Sciurocheirus gabonensis Gabon Allen’s galago LC
Otolemur c. crassicaudatus
Otolemur c. kirkii
S. African thick-tailed galago
Tanganyika thick-tailed galago
LC
LC
Otolemur garnettii garnettii
Otolemur garnettii kikuyuensis
Otolemur garnettii lasiotis
Otolemur garnettii panganiensis
Zanzibar small-eared galago
Kikuyu small-eared galago
White-tailed small-eared galago
Pangani small-eared galago
LC
LC
LC
LC
Otolemur monteiri argentatus
Otolemur monteiri monteiri
Northern silver galago
Miombo silver galago
NE
LC
Otolemur sp. nov. Mwera greater galago NE

Family Lorisidae
Subfamily Perodicticinae

Arctocebus aureus Golden angwantibo LC
Arctocebus calabarensis Calabar angwantibo LC
Perodicticus potto edwardsi
Perodicticus potto ibeanus
Perodicticus potto potto
Perodicticus potto stockleyi
Central potto
Eastern potto
Western potto
Mt. Kenya potto
LC
LC
LC
DD

Family Cercopithecidae
Subfamily Cercopithecinae

Macaca sylvanus Barbary macaque EN A2bcd+4bcd
Cercocebus agilis Agile mangabey LC
Cercocebus atys atys
Cercocebus atys lunulatus
Sooty mangabey
White-naped mangabey
NT
EN A2cd
Cercocebus chrysogaster Golden-bellied mangabey DD
Cercocebus galeritus Tana River mangabey EN C2a(ii)
Cercocebus sanjei Sanje River mangabey EN B1ab(iii,v)
Cercocebus torquatus Red-capped mangabey VU A2cd
Mandrillus leucophaeus leucophaeus
Mandrillus leucophaeus poensis
Mainland drill
Bioko drill
EN A2cd
EN A2cd; B1ab (iii,v)
Mandrillus sphinx Mandrill VU A2cd
Lophocebus albigena Grey-cheeked mangabey LC
Lophocebus aterrimus aterrimus
Lophocebus aterrimus opdenboschi
Northern black mangabey
Southern black mangabey
NT
DD
Rungwecebus kipunji Highland mangabey CR B1ab(i,ii,iii,iv,v)
Papio anubis Olive baboon LC
Papio cynocephalus cynocephalus
Papio cynocephalus ibeanus
Papio cynocephalus kindae
Central yellow baboon
Northern yellow baboon
Kinda yellow baboon
LC
LC
LC
Papio hamadryas Hamadryas baboon LC
Papio papio Guinea baboon NT
Papio ursinus griseipes
Papio ursinus ursinus
Grey-footed chacma baboon
Southern chacma baboon
LC
LC
Theropithecus gelada gelada
Theropithecus gelada obscurus
Northern gelada
Southern gelada
VU B1ab(iii)
LC
Allenopithecus nigroviridis Allen’s swamp monkey LC
Miopithecus ogouensis Northern Talapoin monkey LC
Miopithecus talapoin Southern Talapoin monkey LC
Erythrocebus patas Patas monkey LC
Cercopithecus aethiops aethiops
Cercopithecus aethiops cynosurus
Cercopithecus aethiops djamdjamensis
Cercopithecus aethiops pygerythrus
Cercopithecus aethiops sabaeus
Cercopithecus aethiops tantalus
Grivet
Malbrouck monkey
Bale Mountains grivet
Vervet
Green monkey
Tantalus monkey
LC
LC
VU B1ab(iii)
LC
LC
LC
Cercopithecus ascanius ascanius
Cercopithecus ascanius atrinasus
Cercopithecus ascanius katangae
Cercopithecus ascanius schmidti
Cercopithecus ascanius whitesidei
Black-cheeked red-tailed monkey
Black-nosed red-tailed monkey
Katanga red-tailed monkey
Schmidt's red-tailed monkey
Yellow-nosed red-tailed monkey
NE
DD
NE
LC
NE
Cercopithecus campbelli campbelli
Cercopithecus campbelli lowei
Campbell's monkey
Lowe's monkey
LC
LC
Cercopithecus cephus cephodes
Cercopithecus cephus cephus
Cercopithecus cephus ngottoensis
Grey-tailed moustached monkey
Red-tailed moustached monkey
White-nosed moustached monkey
NE
LC
DD
Cercopithecus diana diana
Cercopithecus diana roloway
Diana monkey
Roloway monkey
VU A2cd
EN A2cd
Cercopithecus dryas Dryad monkey CR C2a(iii);D
Cercopithecus e. erythrogaster
Cercopithecus e. pococki
Red-bellied monkey
Nigeria white-throated monkey
EN A2cd; Ba1b(iii,v)
VU A2cd
Cercopithecus erythrotis camerunensis
Cercopithecus erythrotis erythrotis
Cameroon Red-eared monkey
Bioko Red-eared monkey
VU A2cd
VU A2cd
Cercopithecus hamlyni hamlyni
Cercopithecus hamlyni kahuziensis
Nose-stripe owl-faced monkey
Mt Kahuzi owl-faced monkey
VU A4cd
NE
Cercopithecus lhoesti l'Hoest's monkey VU A4cd
Cercopithecus mitis albogularis
Cercopithecus mitis albotorquatus
Cercopithecus mitis boutourlinii
Cercopithecus mitis doggetti
Cercopithecus mitis erythrarchus
Cercopithecus mitis francescae
Cercopithecus mitis heymansi
Cercopithecus mitis kandti
Cercopithecus mitis kolbi
Cercopithecus mitis labiatus
Cercopithecus mitis mitis
Cercopithecus mitis moloneyi
Cercopithecus mitis monoides
Cercopithecus mitis opisthostictus
Cercopithecus mitis schoutedeni
Cercopithecus mitis stuhlmanni
Cercopithecus mitiz zammaronoi
Zanzibar Sykes’s monkey
Pousargues's White-collared monkey
Boutourlini's blue monkey
Doggett’s blue monkey
Stairs's White-collared monkey
Red-eared Sykes's monkey
Lomami River blue monkey
Golden monkey
Kolb's White-collared monkey
Samango
Pluto monkey
Moloney's White-collared monkey
Tanzania Sykes’s monkey
Rump-spotted blue monkey
Schouteden's blue monkey
Stuhlmann's blue monkey
Zammarano's blue monkey
LC
VU B1ab(i,ii,iii,v)
VU A2c
LC
LC
DD
NT
EN B1ab(iii)
LC
VU A2c
DD
LC
LC
LC
CR D
LC
CR C2a(i)
Cercopithecus mona Mona monkey LC
Cercopithecus neglectus De Brazza’s monkey LC
Cercopithecus nictitans martini
Cercopithecus nictitans nictitans
Bioko Putty-nosed monkey
Eastern Putty-nosed monkey
VU A2cd
LC
Cercopithecus petaurista buettikoferi
Cercopithecus petaurista petaurista
Western lesser Spot-nosed monkey
Eastern lesser Spot-nosed monkey
LC
LC
Cercopithecus pogonias denti
Cercopithecus pogonias elegans
Cercopithecus pogonias grayi
Cercopithecus pogonias nigripes
Cercopithecus pogonias pogonias
Cercopithecus pogonias pyrogaster
Cercopithecus pogonias wolfi
Dent’s monkey
Lomami River Wolf's monkey
Gray's crowned monkey
Black-footed crowned monkey
Golden-bellied crowned monkey
Fire-bellied Wolf's monkey
Congo Basin Wolf’s monkey
LC
NT
LC
LC
VU A2cd
NE
LC
Cercopithecus preussi insularis
Cercopithecus preussi preussi
Bioko Preuss’s monkey
Cameroon Preuss's monkey
EN A2cd; B1ab(iii,v)
EN A2cd
Cercopithecus sclateri Red-eared monkey VU A2cd
Cercopithecus solatus Sun-tailed monkey VU B1ab(v)

Subfamily Colobinae

Procolobus badius badius
Procolobus badius temminckii
Procolobus badius waldroni
Upper Guinea red colobus
Temminck’s red colobus
Miss Waldron’s red colobus
EN A2cd
EN A2cd
CR A2cd
Procolobus gordonorum Udzungwa red colobus EN B1ab(i,ii,iii,v)
Procolobus kirkii Kirk's red colobus EN B1ab(ii,iii,v)
Procolobus pennantii bouvieri
Procolobus pennantii epieni
Procolobus pennantii pennantii
Procolobus pennantii preussi
Bouvier’s red colobus
Niger Delta red colobus
Bioko red colobus
Preuss’s red colobus
CR A2cd
CR A2cd
EN A2cd; B1ab(ii,iii,v)
CR A2cd
Procolobus rufomitratus rufomitratus Tana River red colobus EN B1ab(iii,v)
Procolobus verus Olive colobus NT
Procolobus sp. ssp. foai Kivu red colobus NE
Procolobus sp. ssp. oustaleti Oustalet's red colobus LC
Procolobus sp. ssp. parmentieri Lomami River red colobus NE
Procolobus sp. ssp. tephrosceles Ashy red colobus EN B1ab(iii,v)
Procolobus sp. ssp. tholloni Tshuapa red colobus NT
Procolobus sp. ssp. ? ellioti Semliki red colobus NE
Procolobus sp. ssp. ? langi Kisangani red colobus NE
Procolobus sp. ssp. ? lulindicus Lulindi River red colobus NE
Colobus angolensis angolensis
Colobus angolensis cordieri
Colobus angolensis cottoni
Colobus angolensis palliatus
Colobus angolensis prigoginei
Colobus angolensis ruwenzorii
Sclater’s Angola colobus
Cordier's Angola colobus
Powell-Cotton's Angola colobus
Peters's Angola colobus
Prigogine's Angola colobus
Adolf Friedrichs' Angola colobus
LC
NT
LC
LC
EN B1ab(iii,v)
VU B1ab(iii,v)
Colobus guereza caudatus
Colobus guereza dodingae
Colobus guereza gallarum
Colobus guereza guereza
Colobus guereza kikuyuensis
Colobus guereza matschiei
Colobus guereza occidentalis
Colobus guereza percivali
Mt. Kilimanjaro guereza
Dodinga Hills guereza
Djaffa Mountains guereza
Omo River guereza
Mt. Kenya guereza
Mau Forest guereza
Western guereza
Mt. Uaraguess guereza
LC
DD
DD
LC
LC
DD
LC
EN B1ab(v)
Colobus polykomos King colobus VU A2cd
Colobus satanas anthracinus
Colobus satanas satanas
Gabon black colobus
Bioko black colobus
VU A2cd
EN A2cd; B1ab(ii,iii,v)
Colobus vellerosus White-thighed colobus VU A2cd

Family Hominidae
Subfamily Homininae

Gorilla beringei beringei
Gorilla beringei graueri
Mountain gorilla
Grauer's gorilla
CR C1
EN A4abcd
Gorilla gorilla diehli
Gorilla gorilla gorilla
Cross River gorilla
Western lowland gorilla
CR A4cd
CR A4cde
Pan paniscus Bonobo EN A4cd
Pan troglodytes schweinfurthii
Pan troglodytes troglodytes
Pan troglodytes vellerosus
Pan troglodytes verus
Eastern chimpanzee
Central chimpanzee
Nigeria-Cameroon chimpanzee
Western chimpanzee
EN A4cd
EN A4cde
EN A4cd
EN A4cd

 

Total Taxa: 176
Total Threatened: 63
Percent Threatened: 36%

Note: This is presented as a working taxonomy and is not definitive.

The conservation status of each species is based on assessment summaries provided by the IUCN Red List. The Red List website offers more information on the threat categories listed here.

Notes:

N1: The IUCN Red List has evaluated the nominate form of the silver galago under the classification Otolemur crassicaudatus monteiri.

N2: See Jones, T., Ehardt, C. L., Butynski, T. M., Davenport, T. R. B., Mpunga, N. E., Machaga, S. J. and De Luca, D. W. 2005. The highland mangabey Lophocebus kipunji: A new species of African monkey. Science 308: 1161–1164. Due to the lack of a type specimen, the validity of the description was contested, arguing that the name is a nomen nudum. Timm, R. M., Ramy II, R. R. and the Nomenclature Committee of the American Society of Mammalogists. 2005. What constitutes a proper description? Science 309: 2163-2164. Landry, S. O. 2005. Untitled letter. Science 309: 2164. Polaszek, A., Grubb, P., Groves, C., Ehardt, C. L. and Butynski, T. M. 2005. Response. Science 309: 2164-2165. Davenport et al. (2006) placed the highland mangabey in its own genus, Rungwecebus Davenport, T. R. B., Stanley, W. T., Sargis, E., De Luca, D. W., Mpunga, N E., Machaga, S. J. and Olson, L. 2006. A new genus of African monkey, Rungwecebus: Morphology, ecology and molecular phylogenetics. Science 312: 1378–1381.