Primates of the Neotropics

Taxonomy and Conservation Status
January 2009

Family Callitrichidae

Cebuella pygmaea niveiventris
Cebuella pygmaea pygmaea
Pygmy Marmoset LC
LC
Callibella humilis Dwarf Marmoset VU D2
Mico argentatus Silvery Marmoset LC
Mico emiliae Snethlage's Marmoset DD
Mico chrysoleucus Golden-white tassel-ear marmoset DD
Mico leucippe Golden-white bare-ear marmoset VU A2c
Mico humeralifer Black-and-white tassel-ear marmoset LC
Mico melanurus Black-tailed Marmoset LC
Mico intermedius Aripuanã marmoset LC
Mico nigriceps Black-Headed Marmoset DD
Mico marcai Marca's Marmoset DD
Mico maeusi Maués marmoset LC
Mico saterei Sateré marmoset LC
Mico manicorensis Manicoré marmoset LC
Mico acariensis Rio Acarí marmoset DD
Mico cf. emiliae Rondônia marmoset VU A2c
Callithrix aurita Buffy-tufted-ear marmoset VU C2a(i)
Callithrix flaviceps Buffy-headed marmoset EN C2a(i)
Callithrix geoffroyi Geoffroy’s tufted-ear marmoset LC
Callithrix jacchus common marmoset LC
Callithrix kuhlii Wied's black-tufted-ear marmoset NT A2c
Callithrix penicillata Black-tufted-ear marmoset LC
Callimico goeldii Goeldi's monkey VU A3c
Saguinus bicolor Pied bare-face tamarin EN A2e
Saguinus fuscicollis avilapiresi
Saguinus fuscicollis cruzlimai
Saguinus fuscicollis fuscicollis
Saguinus fuscicollis fuscus
Saguinus fuscicollis illigeri
Saguinus fuscicollis lagonotus
Saguinus fuscicollis leucogenys
Saguinus fuscicollis nigrifrons
Saguinus fuscicollis primitivus
Saguinus fuscicollis weddelli
Ávila Pires’ saddle-back tamarin
Cruz Lima’s saddle-back tamarin
Spix’s saddle-back tamarin
Lesson's saddle-back tamarin
Illiger’s saddle-back tamarin
Red-mantle saddle-back tamarin
Andean saddle-back tamarin
Geoffroy’s saddle-back tamarin
Saddle-back tamarin
Weddell's Saddle-back tamarin
LC
LC
LC
LC
LC
LC
LC
LC
DD
LC
Saguinus geoffroyi Geoffroy's tamarin LC
Saguinus imperator imperator
Saguinus imperator subgrisescens
Black-chinned emperor tamarin
Bearded emperor tamarin
LC
LC
Saguinus inustus Mottle-face tamarin LC
Saguinus labiatus labiatus
Saguinus labiatus rufiventer
Saguinus labiatus thomasi
Red-bellied tamarin
 
Thomas’ mustached tamarin
LC
LC
LC
Saguinus leucopus Silvery-brown bare-face tamarin EN A2cd
Saguinus martinsi martinsi
Saguinus martinsi ochraceus
Martin’s bare-face tamarin
Ochraceous bare-face tamarin
LC
LC
Saguinus melanoleucus crandalli
Saguinus melanoleucus melanoleucus
Crandall's saddle-back tamarin
White saddle-back tamarin
DD
LC
Saguinus midas Golden-handed tamarin LC
Saguinus mystax mystax
Saguinus mystax pileatus
Saguinus mystax pluto
Spix’s mustached tamarin
Red-cap mustached tamarin
White-rump mustached tamarin
LC
LC
LC
Saguinus niger Black-handed tamarin VU A2c
Saguinus nigricollis graellsi
Saguinus nigricollis hernandezi
Saguinus nigricollis nigricollis
Graell’s black-mantle tamarin
Hernández-Camacho’s black mantle tamarin
Spix’s black mantle tamarin
NT A4c
LC
LC
Saguinus oedipus Cotton-top tamarin CR A2d
Saguinus tripartitus Golden-mantle saddle-back tamarin NT A3c
Leontopithecus caissara Black-faced lion tamarin CR C1
Leontopithecus chrysomelas Golden-headed lion tamarin EN A2c
Leontopithecus chrysopygus Black lion tamarin EN B2ab(iii)
Leontopithecus rosalia Golden lion tamarin EN B1ab(iii)

Family Cebidae

Saimiri boliviensis boliviensis
Saimiri boliviensis peruviensis
Bolivian squirrel monkey
Peruvian squirrel monkey
LC
LC
Saimiri oerstedii citrinellus
Saimiri oerstedii oerstedii
Grey-crowned Cent. Am. squirrel monkey
Black-crowned Cent. Am. squirrel monkey
EN B1ab(ii,iii)
EN B1ab(ii,iii)
Saimiri sciureus albigena
Saimiri sciureus cassiquiarensis
Saimiri sciureus macrodon
Saimiri sciureus sciureus
 
Humboldt’s squirrel monkey
Ecuadorian squirrel monkey
Common squirrel monkey
NT A2cd
LC
LC
LC
Saimiri ustus Golden-backed squirrel monkey NT A4c
Saimiri vanzolinii Black-headed squirrel monkey VU D2
Cebus albifrons aequatorialis
Cebus albifrons albifrons
Cebus albifrons cesarae
Cebus albifrons cuscinus
Cebus albifrons malitiosus
Cebus albifrons trinitatus
Cebus albifrons versicolor
Ecuadorian capuchin
White-fronted capuchin
 
Shock-headed capuchin
 
Trinidad white-fronted capuchin
Varied capuchin
CR A2cd
LC
DD
NT A3cd
EN B1ab(i,ii,iii,iv)
CR C2a(ii);D
EN A2cd
Cebus apella apella
Cebus apella margaritae
Guianan brown capuchin
Margarita Island capuchin
LC
CR C1+2a(i)
Cebus capucinus capucinus
Cebus capucinus curtus
Cebus capucinus imitator
Cebus capucinus limitaneus
White-faced capuchin
Gorgona white-fronted capuchin
Panamanian white-throated capuchin
LC
VU D2
LC
LC
Cebus cay Hooded capuchin LC
Cebus flavius Marcgraf's capuchin CR C2a(i)
Cebus kaapori Ka’apor capuchin CR A2cd
Cebus libidinosus Bearded capuchin LC
Cebus macrocephalus Large-headed capuchin LC
Cebus nigritus Black-horned capuchin NT
Cebus olivaceus apiculatus
Cebus olivaceus brunneus
Cebus olivaceus castanaeus
Cebus olivaceus nigrivittatus
Cebus olivaceus olivaceus
 
Brown weeper capuchin
Chestnut capuchin
Wedge-capped capuchin
Wedge-capped capuchin
LC
LC
LC
LC
LC
Cebus robustus Crested capuchin EN A2c
Cebus xanthosternos Yellow-breasted capuchin CR A2cd

Family Aotidae

Aotus azarae azarae
Aotus azarae boliviensis
Aotus azarae infulatus
Azara’s night monkey
Bolivian night monkey
Feline night monkey
LC
LC
NT A2cd
Aotus brumbacki Brumback's night monkey VU A2c
Aotus griseimembra Grey-legged night monkey VU A2c
Aotus jorgehernandezi Hernández-Camacho's night monkey DD
Aotus lemurinus Colombian or lemurine night monkey VU A2c
Aotus miconax Andean night monkey VU A2c
Aotus nancymaae Ma's night monkey LC
Aotus nigriceps Black-headed or Peruvian night monkey LC
Aotus trivirgatus Douroucouli, owl monkey, night monkey LC
Aotus vociferans Noisy night monkey LC
Aotus zonalis Panamanian night monkey DD

Family Pitheciidae

Callicebus aureipalatii Madidi titi LC
Callicebus baptista Lago do Baptista titi LC
Callicebus barbarabrownae Northern Bahian blond titi CR C2a(i)
Callicebus bernhardi Prince Bernhard’s titi LC
Callicebus brunneus Brown titi LC
Callicebus caligatus Chestnut-bellied titi LC
Callicebus cinerascens Ashy titi LC
Callicebus coimbrai Coimbra's titi EN B1ab(ii,iii); C2a(i)
Callicebus cupreus Red titi, Coppery titi LC
Callicebus discolor Red-crowned titi LC
Callicebus donacophilus Reed titi, D’Orbigny’s titi LC
Callicebus dubius Doubtful titi LC
Callicebus hoffmannsi Hoffmann’s titi LC
Callicebus lucifer Rufous-tailed collared titi LC
Callicebus lugens Widow monkey, white-chested titi LC
Callicebus medemi Medem's titi VU A2cd
Callicebus melanochir S. Bahian masked titi, Black-handed titi VU A2c
Callicebus modestus Beni titi EN B1ab(iii)
Callicebus moloch Orabassu titi LC
Callicebus nigrifrons Black-fronted titi NT A2c
Callicebus oenanthe Andean titi, Isabelline titi EN A2cd
Callicebus olallae Olalla's titi EN B1ab(ii,iii,v)
Callicebus ornatus Ornate titi VU A2c; B1ab(ii,iii)
Callicebus pallescens Paraguayan grey titi LC
Callicebus personatus Northern masked titi VU A2c
Callicebus purinus Red-bellied collared titi LC
Callicebus regulus
LC
Callicebus stephennashi Stephen Nash's titi DD
Callicebus torquatus White-collared titi LC
Pithecia aequatorialis Equatorial saki LC
Pithecia albicans White saki, buffy saki VU A2cd
Pithecia irrorata irrorata
Pithecia irrorata vanzolinii
Gray’s bald faced saki
Vanzolini’s bald faced saki
LC
DD
Pithecia monachus milleri
Pithecia monachus monachus
Pithecia monachus napensis
Miller’s monk saki
Geoffroy’s monk saki
Napo monk saki
DD
LC
DD
Pithecia pithecia chrysocephala
Pithecia pithecia pithecia
Golden-faced saki
White-faced saki
LC
LC
Chiropotes albinasus White-nosed bearded saki EN A3cd
Chiropotes chiropotes Guianan bearded saki LC
Chiropotes israelita Rio Negro bearded saki NE
Chiropotes satanas Black saki CR A2c+3c
Chiropotes utahickae Uta Hick's bearded saki EN A3cd
Cacajao ayresi Marcio Ayres' uacari VU B1ab(v)
Cacajao calvus calvus
Cacajao calvus novaesi
Cacajao calvus rubicundus
Cacajao calvus ucayalii
White bald-headed uacari
Novaes' bald-headed uacari
Red bald-headed uacari
Ucayali bald-headed uacari
VU B1ab(iii)
VU B1ab(iii,v)
VU B1ab(iii,v)
VU A2cd
Cacajao hosomi   VU A2d
Cacajao m. melanocephalus
Cacajao melanocephalus ouakary
Humboldt's black-headed uacari
Spix's black-headed uacari
LC
LC

Family Atelidae

Alouatta arctoidea Ursine howling monkey LC
Alouatta belzebul Red-handed howling monkey VU A2cd
Alouatta caraya Black howling monkey LC
Alouatta discolor   VU A2c
Alouatta guariba clamitans
Alouatta guariba guariba
Southern brown howling monkey
Northern brown howling monkey
LC
CR C2a(i)
Alouatta juara Juruá red howling monkey LC
Alouatta macconnelli Guianan red howling monkey LC
Alouatta nigerrima Black howling monkey LC
Alouatta palliata aequatorialis
Alouatta palliata coibensis
Alouatta palliata mexicana
Alouatta palliata palliata
Alouatta palliata trabeata
Ecuadorian mantled howling monkey
Coiba Island howling monkey
Mexican howling monkey
Golden-mantled howling monkey
Azuero howling monkey
VU A4cd
VU D2
CR A4c
LC
CR A4c
Alouatta pigra Black howling monkey EN A4cd
Alouatta puruensis Purús red howling monkey LC
Alouatta sara Bolivian red howling monkey LC
Alouatta seniculus insulanus
Alouatta seniculus seniculus
Trinidad howling monkey
Red howling monkey
VU B1ab(iii); D1
LC
Alouatta ululata Maranhão red-handed-howling monkey EN C1
Ateles belzebuth White-bellied spider monkey EN A2cd
Ateles chamek Black-faced black spider monkey EN A2cd
Ateles fusciceps fusciceps
Ateles fusciceps rufiventris
Brown-headed spider monkey
Colombian black spider monkey
CR A2cd
CR A2cd
Ateles geoffroyi azuerensis
Ateles geoffroyi frontatus
Ateles geoffroyi geoffroyi
Ateles geoffroyi grisescens
Ateles geoffroyi ornatus
Ateles geoffroyi vellerosus
Ateles geoffroyi yucatanensis
Azuero spider monkey
Black-browed spider monkey
Geoffroy’s spider monkey
Hooded spider monkey
Ornate spider monkey
Mexican spider monkey
Yucatán spider monkey
CR A2c
VU A2c
CR A4c
DD
EN A4c
CR A4c
EN A4c
Ateles hybridus brunneus
Ateles hybridus hybridus
Brown spider monkey
Variegated spider monkey
CR A2cd+3cd
CR A2cd+3cd
Ateles marginatus White-whiskered spider monkey EN A2cd+3cd
Ateles paniscus Red-faced black spider monkey VU A2cd
Lagothrix cana cana
Lagothrix cana tschudii
Geoffroy's woolly monkey EN A2cd
DD
Lagothrix lagothricha Humboldt's woolly monkey VU A3cd
Lagothrix lugens Colombian woolly monkey CR A3cd
Lagothrix poeppigii Poeppig’s woolly monkey VU A2cd
Oreonax flavicauda Yellow-tailed woolly monkey CR A4c
Brachyteles arachnoides Southern muriqui EN C1
Brachyteles hypoxanthus Northern muriqui CR A2cd

 

Total Taxa: 204
Total Threatened: 81
Percent Threatened: 40%

Note: This is presented as a working taxonomy and is not definitive.

The conservation status of each species is based on assessment summaries provided by the IUCN Red List. The Red List website offers more information on the threat categories listed here.